Visualization, infographic, information graphics, etc. Each book or reference on visual communication uses these terms with different meanings. The term visualization or representation seems to be the umbrella term: any type of visual elaboration of information intended to enable communication, analysis, discovery, exploration, artistic purposes. There are more and more applications of a scientific nature that are particular types of visualizations, customizable according to the needs of each observer. Some are designed to convey narratives on the basis of different sets of (infographic) information, others are designed mainly to allow exploration (data visualizations for subsequent in-depth analysis). Many authors have classified data processing methods that help to choose the best ways to represent them and there is no lack of, and continue to grow in number, online projects specifically dedicated to data processing to generate information: tableau.com, datawrapper.de, flourish.studio, rawgraphs.io, plotdb.com, to name a few. How to create, share and consult data is the theme of the proposed contribution, investigated through examples of graphic representation that give “information” starting from what is “data”.

Maurizio Marco Bocconcino, Mariapaola Vozzola,
Politecnico di Torino, DISEG - Dipartimento di Ingegneria Strutturale, Edile e Geotecnica